Style sheet for PRAGMATICS: Quarterly Publication of the International Pragmatics Association


As of 2017, Pragmatics will be published and distributed by John Benjamins Publishing Company, Amsterdam.


PRAGMATICS: Quarterly Publication of the International Pragmatics Association (IPrA)


When submitting your article, please observe the following:

Make sure that you submit the final, clean version of the manuscript (without personal comments, corrections, tracks, etc.), together with all accompanying files (figures etc., if submitted as separate files).

In addition, provide a list containing all contributors’ full names (first and last), affiliations, and addresses (both postal and e-mail). Telephone and fax numbers are optional.

Online submission:

Pragmatics  now only accepts  online submission Before submitting, please consult the following guidelines and the Short Guide to EM for Authors .

File naming conventions:

When naming your files please use the following conventions: Use the first three characters of the first author’s last name, followed by the proper three- or four-character file extension. For example, if that name is Johnson, the respective document file should be named JOH.DOC or JOH.DOCX. Do not use the three- or four-character extension except for identifying the file type, as provided by the system (e.g. JOH.DOC is OK, but not JOH.ART, JOH.REV; instead use JOHART.DOC, JOHR1.DOC, etc.). Figures, tables etc. should be named using the appropriate standard extensions, e.g. JOH1.EPS, JOH2.TIF, JOH3.XLS, etc.


MS Word (PC or Mac) is our preferred submission format; for other formats, please contact our production department (our typesetters can convert most formats). If, for some reason, a different format is required than the one supplied, we will contact you.

Graphic files:

Please supply figures as converted to Encapsulated Postscript (EPS) or Tagged Image File Format (TIFF) in addition to the original creation files. (Note that the typesetters cannot make corrections or changes in figures that are supplied as graphics).


Articles should be in English. English spelling and style should be consistently either British or American throughout. If you are not a highly proficient user of English, you should have the paper checked by an English language professional or native speaker.

Contributions should be between 7,000 and 10,000 words in length, including

    •         references, 
    •         an abstract of 100-150 words,
    •          6 to 8 keywords
    •         A biographical note of 50 to 75 words  


Please use ample margins and 1.5 line spacing. Suggested font setting for main text: Times (New) Roman 12 pts. For tables and footnotes: Times Roman 10 pts.

Do not use running heads. For articles with long titles (which in general should be avoided), a shortened version (max. 55 characters), to be used as running head, may be provided on the cover sheet of your contribution.

Avoid full justification and ‘stiff’ hyphenation. Examples, quotations, tables, headings etc. should be presented in a clear and consistent way, so that they can be identified and formatted in the style of our journal.

Whatever formatting or style conventions are employed, please be consistent.


Once your paper is accepted for publication, it is essential that the references are formatted to the specifications given in these guidelines, as these cannot be formatted automatically. This journal uses the ‘Author-Date’ style as described in The Chicago Manual of Style (16th ed.).

References in the text: These should be as precise as possible, giving page references where necessary; for example “(Görlach 2003, 152-154)” or: “as in Brown et al. (1991, 252)”. All references in the text should be matched by items in the references section.

References section: References should be listed first alphabetically and then chronologically. The section should include all (and only!) references that are actually mentioned in the text.

A note on capitalization in titles . For titles in English, CMS uses headline-style capitalization. In titles and subtitles, capitalize the first and last words, and all other major words (nouns, pronouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs, some conjunctions). Do not capitalize: articles; prepositions (unless used adverbially or adjectivally, or as part of a Latin expression used adverbially or adjectivally); the conjunctions and, but, for, or, nor; to as part of an infinitive; as in any grammatical function; parts of proper names that would be lower case in normal text; the second part of a species name. For more details and examples, consult the Chicago Manual of Style. For any other languages, and English translations of titles given in square brackets, CMS uses sentence-style capitalization: capitalization as in normal prose, i.e., the first word in the title, the subtitle, and any proper names or other words normally given initial capitals in the language in question.



Görlach, Manfred. 2003. English Words Abroad. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

Spear, Norman E., and Ralph R. Miller (eds). 1981. Information Processing in Animals: Memory Mechanisms. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.

Article (in book):

Adams, Clare A., and Anthony Dickinson. 1981. “Actions and Habits: Variation in Associative Representation during Instrumental Learning.” In Information Processing in Animals: Memory Mechanisms, ed. by Norman E. Spear, and Ralph R. Miller, 143–186. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.

Article (in journal):

Claes, Jeroen, and Luis A. Ortiz López. 2011. “Restricciones pragmáticas y sociales en la expresión de futuridad en el español de Puerto Rico [Pragmatic and social restrictions in the expression of the future in Puerto Rican Spanish].” Spanish in Context 8: 50–72.

Rayson, Paul, Geoffrey N. Leech, and Mary Hodges. 1997. “Social Differentiation in the Use of English Vocabulary: Some Analyses of the Conversational Component of the British National Corpus.” International Journal of Corpus Linguistics 2 (1): 120–132.

Tables and figures:

All tables, figures, and trees must fit within the page size as specified below:

4.5” x 7.5” (≈ 11.5 cm x 19 cm)

Please be aware that prior to typesetting, the pages will have to be reduced in size; any lettering etc. should be big enough to be legible also after reduction. Absolute lowest font size: Times Roman 8 pts).

Tables and figures should be provided on separate sheets, numbered consecutively and given appropriate captions. They should be referred to in the main text as “Table 2”, “Figure 3”, etc. (avoid expressions such as “in the following table: ...” or “See the figure below.”).

Please indicate the preferred positioning of tables and figures in the text in this way:




Preferred Table format:

Table 5. Past-inflection rates in Jamaican and Trinidadian Creoles.



Rate %


Rate %


Non-syllabic (CD)

Non-syllabic (VD)

Syllabic (ED)






















* 1,207* ,0

* The large number of Trinidadian tokens is due to the…etc.









Emphasis and foreign words:

Use   italics   for words in languages other than English as well as   for emphasis.

Boldface should be used only for highlighting words within italicized stretches and for headings.

Please refrain from the use of FULL CAPS (except for focal stress and abbreviations). Using small caps is sometimes a viable option.

Do not use underlining except when conventionally required in your field of research. (It is OK to use underlining for highlighting within examples as an alternative to boldface).

Quotation and quotation marks:

For conventionally used terms or expressions (e.g., ‘context of situation’), please use single quotes; these may also be used as ‘scare quotes’ to focus attention on a particular word or expression.

For glosses, directly quoted forms and expressions, as well as in-text quotations, always use double quotation marks.

Quotations longer than three lines should be indented left and right, without quotation marks, followed by the appropriate reference to the source on a separate line (left adjusted). Such long quotations should be set off from the main text by a line of space above and below.

Sections and headings:

Articles should be conveniently divided into sections and, if necessary, subsections. If you do not use electronic styling, please mark section headings as follows:

Level 1 = bold italics, one line space before, section number flush left. Text starts immediately below.

Level 2 = italics, one line space before, section number flush left. Text starts immediately below.

Level 3ff = italics, one line space before, section number flush left. Headings end with a full stop, with the text following on the same line.

Numbering should be in Arabic numerals (no Roman numbers for footnotes either!). Do not use italics for numbering; use full stops between numbers and after the last number, thus:

Section 1. ...

Section 2.3.1. ....


Should not be indented. If numbered, please number as follows:

1. .....................

(or a. .......................)

2. .....................

(or b. .......................)

Lists that run on with the main text may be numbered using parentheses:

(1).............., (2)............., etc.

Examples and glosses:

Examples should be numbered with Arabic numerals in parentheses, thus: (1) ...; (2) ...; etc.

Examples in languages other than English should be in italics; an approximate translation should be provided. Between the original and the translation lines, a line with glosses or a morphemic breakdown may be added. For the abbreviations in the interlinear gloss, CAPS may be used; these will be converted to small caps by our typesetters in the final formatting. E.g.

            (3)        a.         Ed en   Floor   gaan samen-wonen.

                                    Ed and Floor   go      together-live.INF

                                    ‘Ed and Floor are going to live together.’

                        b.         Maarten en   Stefanie zijn uit elkaar.

                                    Maarten and Stefanie BE  out RECP
                                    ‘Maarten and Stefanie have split up.’

                                    ‘Maarten and Stefanie have split up.’

For glossing (where applicable), use the Leipzig Glossing Rules ( ).


Notes should be kept to a minimum. Note indicators in the text should appear in superscript at the end of sentences or phrases, and follow the respective punctuation marks. They should be numbered consecutively throughout the manuscript, with Arabic numerals.


Appendices should follow the References.

Author’s corrections

The (first) author will receive first proofs of an accepted article for correction and will be requested to return corrections to the Editor-in-chief. The editor will receive one full set of the first proofs of each journal issue and after corrections another set of second proofs for final checking.

With the proofs you will receive instructions on how to mark corrections and when to return them.

Please limit corrections to the essential. It is at the publisher’s discretion not to implement substantial changes or to charge the author.